Pronouns

Standard English Pronoun Usage

The following is an excerpt from Wikipedia

A **(third-person) pronoun is a pronoun that refers to an entity other than the speaker or listener. The English pronouns he and she are third-person personal pronouns specific to the gender of the person (not to be confused with grammatical gender). The English pronoun they is an epicene (gender-neutral) third-person pronoun that can refer to plural antecedents of any gender and, informally, to a singular antecedent that refers to a person, the "singular they".1

Problems of usage may arise in languages like English which have pronominal gender systems, in contexts where a person of unspecified or unknown gender is being referred to but commonly available pronouns (he or she) are gender-specific. In such cases a gender-specific, usually masculine, pronoun is sometimes used with a purported gender-neutral meaning;[3] such use of he was common in formal English between the 1700s and the latter half of the 20th century (though some regard it as outmoded[4] or sexist[5]). Use of singular they is another common alternative dating from the 1300s, but proscribed by some.2

The English language has gender-specific personal pronouns in the third-person singular. The masculine pronoun is he (with derived forms him, his and himself); the feminine is she (with derived forms her, hers and herself); the neuter is it (with derived forms its and itself). The third-person plural they and its inflected and derived forms (them, their, themselves, etc.) are gender-neutral and also used to refer singular, personal antecedents (e.g. "Where a recipient of an allowance under section 4 absents themself from Canada, payment of the allowance shall …"3

Generally speaking, he refers to males, and she refers to females. He and she are normally used for humans; use of it can be dehumanizing, and thus inappropriate, but it is sometimes used for a baby when there is no antecedent such as son or daughter and its sex is irrelevant or distracting. It is normally used for animals, but he or she can be used for an animal when the speaker wants to indicate its sex and there is a higher degree of empathy with the animal, as is more likely with pets, domesticated animals, and other "higher" animals, such as elephants. He or she are used for an animal that is referred to by a proper name (e.g. "Fido adores his blanket".).4

She is sometimes used for ships, and sometimes also for other inanimates, such as cars. She is also used as an alternative to it for countries, when viewed as political entities.

The other English pronouns (the first- and second-person personal pronouns I, we, you, etc.; the third-person plural personal pronoun they; the indefinite pronouns one, someone, anyone, etc.; and others) do not make male–female gender distinctions, that is, they are gender-neutral. The only distinction made is between personal and non-personal reference (someone vs. something, who vs. what, etc.).

Preferred pronouns

The following is an excerpt from Wikipedia

See also: Spivak pronoun
Various proposals for the use of non-standard pronouns have been introduced since at least the 19th century.

According to Dennis Baron, the neologism that received the greatest partial mainstream acceptance was Charles Crozat Converse's 1884 proposal of thon, a contraction of "that one" (other sources date its coinage to 1858[37]):

Thon was picked up by Funk and Wagnall's Standard Dictionary in 1898, and was listed there as recently as 1964. It was also included in Webster's Second New International Dictionary, though it is absent from the first and third, and it still has its supporters today.5

"Co" was coined by feminist writer Mary Orovan in 1970.6 "Co" is in common usage in intentional communities of the Federation of Egalitarian Communities,[40] and "co" appears in the bylaws of several of these communities.[7][8 In addition to use when the gender of the antecedent is unknown or indeterminate, some use it as gender-blind language and always replace gender-specific pronouns.[45]

Various variants of ze have been proposed, with different object forms, to meet the need of unspecified gender situations and transgender persons.9 Kate Bornstein, an American transgender author, used the pronoun forms ze and hir in the book "Nearly Roadkill: an Infobahn erotic adventure" in 1996.[10 Jeffrey A. Carver, an American science fiction writer, used the pronoun hir in the novel "From a Changeling Star" for a different-gendered nonhuman, in 1989.

Transgender pronouns

The following is an excerpt from Wikipedia
For people who are transgender, style guides and associations of journalists and health professionals advise use of the pronoun preferred or considered appropriate by the person in question.When dealing with clients or patients, health practitioners are advised to take note of the pronouns used by the individuals themselves which may involve using different pronouns at different times. This is also extended to the name preferred by the person concerned. LGBTQ advocacy groups also advise using the pronouns and names preferred or considered appropriate by the person concerned. They further recommend avoiding gender confusion when referring to the background of transgender people, such as using a title or rank to avoid a gendered pronoun or name.11

MOGAI Stance on Pronouns

The following is an excerpt from the MOGAI Wiki
The need for gender neutral third person singular English pronouns has been apparent and tried since the birth of its modern form.

True Neutral Pronouns (According to MOGAI)

"True neutral pronouns are pronouns that can be applied to any person regardless of gender. Most pronouns in use by the trans/nonbinary community are not neutral, and could be considered nonbinary pronouns instead, as they are gendered as such."12

** Singular They/Them/Themself (According to MOGAI)
One truly neutral pronoun in use is singular they/them. This pronoun, while debated by linguistic purists, has been in use since at least Shakespeare's time. It is most commonly used to refer to a person whose gender is not known, for example, "Someone is at the door, I wonder who they are."

It is widespread etiquette within trans communities to use singular they until a person's pronouns are known. From that point on, if the person's pronouns are not singular they, it would be misgendering to refer to them as such. "13

One/Ones/Oneself (According to MOGAI)

"While the pronoun "one" is traditionally an indefinite pronoun, roughly meaning "a person" and is thus gender neutral. With the need for new pronouns, it has been adapted by many as a third person singular pronoun, changing it to be specific and definite. This pronoun is one of only a handful of pronouns in use by trans/nonbinary people that is truly gender neutral."14

It/Its/Itself (According to MOGAI)

"Another truly neutral pronoun is "it". While "it" is typically used to refer to objects or animals, there are a handful of trans/nonbinary people who feel most comfortable using these than any other pronoun. Others find this pronoun used as a personal set to be dehumanizing and indignate [sic]."15

Binary Pronouns (According to MOGAI)

"DISCLAIMER: "There are two sets of binary pronouns which are most commonly used, but some people with binary genders use atypical pronouns. This section is not to invalidate their relation to their gender, however is to educate people on the most commonly used pronoun sets by people with binary genders. Friendly reminder that pronouns do not equal gender and that people who use pronouns atypical to their gender are just as valid as people as those who use typical pronoun sets."16

He/Him/Himself (According to MOGAI)

"The pronouns he and him have typically been used to refer to men and boys, however it also has had a previous historic context of being a default pronoun for an non-specified person, likely due to the patriarchal societies which developed the English language. That being said, in a modern setting, the pronoun "he" gives the impression of a man being the person being referred to. Another popular non-man usage of he/him pronouns are he/him lesbians. This could be because of the historical context of butch lesbians using he in lesbophobic societies, or for other reasons. Overall, it depends on the pronoun user and what makes him comfortable."17

She/Her/Herself (According to MOGAI)

"The pronouns she and her have typically been used by women and girls."18

Nonbinary Pronouns (According to MOGAI)

"Pronoun neologisms are the norm among trans/nonbinary communities. While many of the pronouns in use may be decades old, such as Spivak, Elverson, MacKay, or humanist pronouns, while others could have been coined recently for a lack of nonbinary pronouns."19

Common pronouns (According to MOGAI)

"ze/hir/hir/hirs/hirself
ze/zir/zir/zirs/zirself
xe/xem/xyr/xyrs/xemself
ey/em/eir/eirs/emself
e/em/eir/eirs/emself
ne/nem/nir/nirs/nemself
ve/ver/vis/vis/verself"20

Nounself Pronouns

Nounself pronouns are one of the most widely-recognized MOGAI artifacts. Also known colloquially (and somewhat pejoratively) as “bunself pronouns” due to a popular and early rabbit-themed “pronoun” set, Nounself pronouns emerged sometime around 2014. Today, they continue to be a mainstay of MOGAI identity, and a source of both amusement and aggravation for literally everybody else.
The basic premise is simple: absolutely any word can be turned (read: bastardized, contorted, twisted, tortured) into a pronoun by the simple expedient of adding or subtracting letters as called for by context. Making it look as though whatever you’re writing was typed monkey in the process of having a stroke is optional, but seems to be generally encouraged.

Using the bunself “pronoun set” as an example, “he walked to his house and let himself inside” would read “bun walked to buns house and let bunself inside.

Horrified screaming gets the point across just as well, though.

According to the MOGAI Wiki,

Some people feel their gender rates to a noun, and feel confident in a noun-based pronoun set. The most common one for a noun based pronoun to be phrased is nounself. For example, if a person's gender related to doors, for example, doors pronouns could be door/doors/doorself. These types of pronouns would classify as being nonbinary pronouns generally, but people with binary genders (boy, girl, man, woman etc) could also use a noun based pronoun set.21

Emojiself Pronouns

They’re exactly what they sound like. Emojiself pronouns—otherwise known as Peak MOAGI™—emerged in very late 2017 or the first days of 201822. Since then, there’s been a general uptick in their adoption, or at least, in proclamations of their validity.
Many of the pleas for emojiself pronoun validation are undoubtedly sent in by trolls (or, perhaps, people incredulous about the depths to which MOGAI sinks without self-reflection?). The fact that the requests are not only dignified with responses, but enthusiastically embraced by blogs offering such services ought to raise more than a few red flags for anyone with a modicum of common sense.


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